In the consciousness of the masses, the beginning of world wars is usually associated with very specific dates and events (the assassination of the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the summer of 1914 and the invasion of Poland by the Third Reich and the USSR in the fall of 1939), but we should not forget that until 1914 on June 28, and until 1939. In Europe and other parts of the world, many different social, economic, military and political processes took place for many years, leading humanity to dangerous mass orgies of violence.
Let’s look at World War II. Originally there was the First (1914-1918). The Germans lost (some of them believed that the politicians had stolen their victory), the winners “chewed” the territories of the Second Reich (1871-1918), obliged Germany to pay huge reparations and at the same time provided loans to cover them.
While the Germans were wallowing in economic woes and humiliation, the rest of the world was having fun. At the end of the third 20th century decade, humanity was engulfed in economic collapse. This time, not only the Germans suffered, but also many other nations of the world.
The combination of the words “global” and “war” always sounded extremely ominous.
“The economic storm of 1929-1931 hit Japan no less hard than other countries of the world. From 1914, its population increased from 50 to 70 million people. Metallurgical plants increased from 50 to 148. It was increasingly difficult to survive. Rice was grown in the country the same, and their imports became more expensive. Japan was in desperate need of raw materials and foreign markets. The severe depression eventually led England and forty other countries to impose increasing restrictions or high tariffs on Japanese imports, which were produced using much cheaper labor than in Europe or in America. China became Japan’s most important market for textiles and other products and almost the only source of coal and iron ore. Japanese politicians therefore came to the conclusion that their main task was to conquer China,” argues the memoirs of Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965). World War II” in the first volume “On the Road to Catastrophe”.
in 1931 September 18 Explosives were detonated in the South Manchuria Railway Zone. The explosion did no real damage, but it provided a pretext for the Japanese to invade the resource-rich region of Manchuria.
It cannot be ruled out that the Japanese military acted arbitrarily, without the authority or blessing of their emperor (1901-1989), and that they themselves deliberately caused the 9/18 explosion that sparked the more than five-month-long invasion.
in 1931 in November, before the end of the Japanese “special operation” in Manchuria, the last emperor of China, Puyi (1906-1967) of the Qing (1644-1912) dynasty, with the help of Japanese politicians and officers, arrived in the ancestral land to become a new puppet, de facto ruled by the Japanese the ruler of the Manchurian state.
The League of Nations entrusted British nobleman Victor Alexander George Robert Bulwer Lytton (1876-1947) to investigate the situation in Manchuria.
“The commission’s conclusions were simple: Manchukuo is an artificial creation of the Japanese General Staff, and the wishes of the population were not taken into account when establishing this puppet state,” states W.Churchill’s book.
in 1933 March 27 Japan has announced that it will withdraw from the League of Nations. Fourth of the 20th century the economic problems of the beginning of the decade not only provoked warlike moods and more aggressive foreign policies of various states, but also increased the demand for a “hard hand that solves all life’s problems”.
Extremely high hopes were associated with the doctrines of Marxism and the Soviet Union trying to implement them, but there was no shortage of other ideologies. At that time, the fascist regime of Benito (1883-1945) was already established in Italy, and the National Socialist Workers’ Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) began to raise its wings in Germany.
in 1932 May 15 A group of young men in navy uniforms broke into the official residence of Japanese Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi (1855-1932) and fired shots at the 76-year-old. It is said that before his death, the prime minister asked not to shoot and invited the attackers to talk.
On the same day, extremists attempted to attack the residence of the nobleman Makino Nobuaki (1861-1949), acting as the keeper of the state seal, and to carry out acts of terror at the headquarters of Mitsubishi Bank and other important institutions. They also planned to kill Charlie Chaplin, the Little Tramp, who was visiting the Land of the Rising Sun at the time, hoping that this would provoke a war between Japan and the United States.
When the trial started, it became clear that perhaps the biggest responsibility for the 1932 the frenzy of May 15 did not fall on the young cadets who carried out the attack, but on a civilian – Kozaburo Tachibana (1893-1974).
K. Tachibana was a kind of follower of Lev Nikolajevic (1828-1910). He believed in the spiritual sustenance of rural life and the nobility of a small agrarian state, and argued that all the troubles of the Japanese and other peoples stemmed not only from Western imperialism and the free market economic order, but also from the despotic posture of urbanized areas over the provinces.
This case caused considerable interest in the Japanese public. The 47 defendants received many supportive messages and gifts from fans and received relatively symbolic sentences (from one to fifteen years in prison). The life sentence was given to the only K. Tachibana.